The black tupelo is one of the first trees to start changing colors in the fall; scientists believe this early color change helps alert birds to their newly ripening fruit. N. aquatica, water tupelo, is similar to N. sylvatica but has larger leaves and fruit and a trunk that is swollen at the base. Tupelo wood is highly cross-grained, making it difficult to work. HEIGHT: 18.0m WIDTH: 8.0m *height & width at maturity. The small, ovoid, fleshy fruit is one of the first berries to ripen and provides an important food source to migrating birds and overwintering residents. A Message from GTG. Nyssa Sylvatica, or Black Tupelo, is a deciduous tree most notably known for its fall colored foliage. Nyssa sylvatica – Black Tupelo . THE Black Gum occurs rather commonly throughout Massachusetts, where it inhabits the borders of swamps and streams. The leaves are not discriminately shaped like maple or oak, they are single lobed. The importance of Black Tupelo is high as its benefits are more and so are Black Tupelo Facts.Every gardener must look for the required information on this plant before planting it. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species, particularly the American robin. Black Tupelo could be a difficult tree to identify. Black Tupelo (Black Gum), Nyssa sylvatica, one of the most attractive native trees around. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. There is one somewhat unique ID feature which is that the mid-height and lower branches grow out of the tree at almost 90 degrees then slope down unlike most trees where they are angled up. Therefore, it is usually seen growing in containers at the nursery. There are from one to three fruits together on a long slender stalk. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. Black tupelo, also called black gum tree, pepperidge tree, or simply tupelo is native to North America from New England to southern Ontario, to central Florida, eastern Texas, and Mexico. Then if you wish to add a personalised message, there is a message box on the cart page. These nativars are hardy, easy to care for, maintain a consistent shape and provide stunning multi … In the landscape, these trees often reach a mature height of 30 to 50 feet and a spread of 20 to 30 feet. Required fields are marked *. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. As the tree matures it takes on more of an irregular habit. Gray Black Brown ... Other common names tupelo black gum tree common tupelo tree cotton gum pepperidge sour gum tree see more; Synonyms Nyssa multiflora. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. Fruit is dark purple, thick-skinned, and dotted, in drooping clusters, each fruit about 1 inch long and widest above the middle. They are sometimes eaten raw, but humans tend to put them in juice, preservatives, or pies! The importance of plants lies in their great contribution to human life and the environment. Nyssa ogeche, commonly referred to as Ogeechee tupelo, white tupelo, river lime, ogeechee lime tree, sour gum or wild lime is a deciduous tree. The Wildfire Black Gum or Tupelo tree is a personal favorite shade tree. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Mugwort, an Age-Old Herb that Uncovers Our Herbal History, Common Reed (Phragmites), an Age Old Sweet Treat, Wild Parsnip, Flagrant Foilage but a Tasty Taproot, Eastern Prickly Pear, Hardy Spines Hiding a Sweet Treat, Evening Primrose, a Nutritious and Medicinal Garden Favorite, Waterlily, a Decorative and Nutritious Wild Edible, Yellow Pond Lily, Cheerful Blooms and Popcorn like Snacks, American Lotus, Fun to Forage and Highly Nutritious, Watercress, a Peppery Wild Edible with Informed Foraging, Mulberry, Wild Sweet Fruits and Favored in the Silk Industry, Chamomile: Just a tinge brightens up your day. It grows in swamps along the east coast and in the Deep South. FORM: Pyramidial to rounded FOLIAGE: Mid green foliage becomes orange and scarlet in autumn Notify me when this product is available: A majestic tree from North America with beautiful, leathery leaves that turn a stunning orange and red in the Autumn. Family Nyssaceae Genus Nyssa are … Other common names of this tree are Black Gum and Sour Gum. Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. The leaves are 3”-6” long and 1.5”-3” wide, and can have a wavy edge. It grows to 20–25 meters (66–82 ft) tall trees typically have a straight trunk with the branches extending outward at right angles. You can choose from 3 different colours: cherry red, pine green or antique gold, including a matching ribbon. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. Please note that the “Buy it now” button skips this step and you won’t be able to add your message. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Black Tupelo is a great edible fruit tree.  This is a plant that makes me wonder what a few thousand years of selective breeding would have gotten us, the fruits are not much smaller than wild cherry fruits and cherries are obviously a common fruit today. Larger specimens may be difficult to transplant from deep, well- drained field soil because of its deep roots and should only be transplanted from the field in the spring. There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime ( Nyssa ogeche ) and Water Tupelo ( Nyssa aquatica ), This article primarily focuses on Nyssa silvatica but many points could apply to either of the other species. Fruits mature to a dark blue and are attractive to birds and wildlife. Importance of Black Tupelo. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Whenever I see a large tree that has single lobed leaves I usually say “what is that?” and it reminds me that that’s what I usually say when I see a black tupelo. Swamp Tupelo differs by having smaller leaves (less than 2½" long) that are more … See our privacy policy for more information about ads on this site, Your email address will not be published. The elliptical shaped leaves transform from green to shades of orange, yellow and red marking the start of … Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall.  There are 2 other species in the genus native to South Eastern US, they are the Ogeechee Lime (Nyssa ogeche) and Water Tupelo (Nyssa aquatica), This article primarily focuses on Nyssa silvatica but many points could apply to either of the other species.  Tupelo was a native American food, and the name “tupelo” comes from the native American muscogee language, meaning “swamp tree”, referring to the southern species of tupelo. Support: The juicy fruit is consumed by many birds and mammals since it is a honey plant, provides oxygen as it undergoes photosynthesis, provides shade as branches grow almost horizontally. That's why I have one shading the southwest side of my home from the sun. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. There is very little research done on the health benefits of Tupelo fruits. The flowers of black gum are light green in color and form into pendulous clusters in the spring. Still others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge. The fruit is the only known edible part of the tree.  The fruits are very tasty, somewhat sour but sweet enough to enjoy raw, there is no bitterness.  There is one large seed in the fruit so the fruits aren’t as fleshy as they look.  On the other hand the tree is usually loaded with fruits, and it can grow to be 80’ tall, so as fall progresses the ground gets covered in these small fruits.  You can find some good ones there on the ground or pick them off the tree if you can reach the branches.  The fruits are also often used to flavor pies, preserves, and drinks. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The Arbor Day Society calls this tree one of the ten best trees for fall color. It … Spectacular scarlet fall color. It is a good choice for damp/wet locations and is tolerant of clay soils. Glossy dark green summer leaves turn shades of red, scarlet, orange, yellow and purple—often all on the same branch! Black tupelo prefers a moist, slightly acid soil. The flowers are small, with a creamy colour but the edible raw or processed dark blue fruits have an ornamental value. Simply select the preferred gift wrap packaging option above, then add product to Cart. A variety of the Black Tupelo is called the Swamp Black Tupelo (N. sylvatica, var. Tupelo can be grown on any good soil and neutral pH. Fully hardy in Britain, it can be grown in a pot and tolerates atmospheric pollution. Black Tupelo is a regionally native tree that can reach about 30’-50’ tall and half that in spread. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. Fully hardy in Britain, it can be grown in a pot and tolerates atmospheric pollution. Growing to 15 m (~50 ft), it is in flower from March to May, and the seeds ripen from August to October. N. ogeche, Ogeechee tupelo, is smaller (to 3040 feet high) and has only negligible fall color. Nyssa Sylvatica is a deciduous Tree growing to 15 m (49ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a medium rate. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. The leaf is 5-12 cm (2 – 4.7 in) long. Lower branches droop with age and will need to b… The flowers are pollinated by bees. Other uses of the herb: Wood - tough, not durable, soft, heavy, hard to work and warps easily. WELCOME TO JURASSICPLANTS NURSERIES AND RESEARCH. A majestic tree from North America with beautiful, leathery leaves that turn a stunning orange and red in the Autumn. The names used for this tree are black gum, sourgum, yellow gum, black tupelo, cotton gum, tupelo-gum, pepperidge, swamp tupelo, swamp black gum, sour gum or tupelo. Obovate to elliptic, entire to slightly toothed leaves (to 5" long) are dark green above and paler below. We will also enclose a card – suitable for the occasion - with your own personal message. Nyssa sylvatica, commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or black gum, is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. The leaves of Black tupelo can vary in size and shape. Here it is a small or medium-sized tree, of slow growth and of very variable habit. The female of the species has half-inch long dark blue-black fruit in the fall around when the leaves turn scarlet, purple, and yellow. The leaf shape is oval, elliptical or obovate. The black tupelo is tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions and is … DESCRIPTION: As a moderately sized tree with lovely autumn colour, Tupelo would make an excellent specimen planting in a larger garden or reserve. Flowers are generally small and not notable. Native Americans did not engage in the selective breeding of fruit trees as much as Europeans.  Black Tupelo is hardy to zone 3, has great fall foliage and delicious fruits, find one or plant one for a great addition to your foraging ventures. Your email address will not be published. Similar species: Water tupelo (N. aquatica) develops a large, swollen base and the leaf margins are often irregularly toothed, the leaf tip abruptly pointed. But really, what's not to love? It also provides nutrition for bees in early to late spring. Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. HEIGHT: 30-50' WIDTH: 20-30' Prefers full sun to partial shade Zones: 4-9 What you are purchasing is 1 Black Gum Tupelo Tree at a. The fruit of the black tupelo attracts many birds and wildlife. Tupelo can be grown on any good soil and neutral pH. Your gift will of course also include full growing instructions. Add that personal touch with our bespoke gift wrapping service and choose from one of our luxurious but also natural looking wrapping papers. BLACK GUM OR TUPELO (Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.) It is in leaf from May to October, in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in October. A native to the eastern United States the Black Tupelo, also known as Black Gum, grows 30 to … A black tupelo is a deciduous tree. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. A tree of many monikers, the black tupelo is also known in various areas as a gum tree, sour gum, bowl gum, yellow gum or tupelo gum. Trunk diameter is typically 1 to 2 feet, but can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. The flowers are small, with a creamy colour but the edible raw or processed dark blue fruits have an ornamental value. When combined with the several other tupelo species, these trees have the distinction of being favorites with honey producers. Black Tupelo is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas, as well as Mexico. biflora.) Citrus trifoliata (Poncirus trifoliata) - Hardy lemon, Vitis labrusca Isabella - Strawberry Grape (light blue), Ficus carica Signora - Pink Fig Plant, dark, elongated fruits with red flesh, self fertile, hardy, Sand, Loam, Clay / Acidic, Neutral / Well-drained. It does produce fruit but the tree is dioecious meaning the tree is either male or female. Classification The botanical name of this plant is Nyssa sylvatica, and common names include sourgum and beetlebung.This medium sized tree is a member of the dogwood family. Historical Notes The tree has been a Native American fruit tree in which it produces edible fruit in the fall. Lemongrass: When life gives you lemongrass make tea! Also notice that the tree has many little black fruits in the fall, and a brilliant reddish colored leaf when the leaves change colors. With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. But the shape of the crown varies from tree to tree and, unfortunately, this is looked upon by some architects as undesirable. Fruit. Rosemary: A fragrant blessing in herby disguise, Partridge Berry, a Nutritious Trailside Treat, Wild Mint, Fragrant Leaves and Digestive Aid, Pineapple Weed, Edible Flowers with a Fruity Flavoring, Common Mallow, a Wild Edible Often Found in Lawns, Bugleweed, Wild Edible and Alternative Herbal Remedy, Peppergrass, Abundant and with a Delicious Peppered Flavor, Wild Lettuce, Tasty Greens and Valued Herbal Remedies, Wild Garlic, A Great Addition to Foraged Meals, - Foraging Tours, Classes and Groups Near You, - Wild Edible Tea Index, and Preparation Methods, Partridge Berry, a Nutritious Trailside Treat, Black Walnut, Grandiose and Medicinally Valuable, Cow Parsnip, Crisp Greens and a Surprisingly Aromatic Herb, Jerusalem Artichoke, Bold Flowers and Flavorful Tubers, Honey Locust, Menacing Thorns Protecting a Sweet Treat, Ash, a Wild Edible with a Threatened Future, Cleavers Bedstraw, an Edible Weed with a Diverse History, Wild Strawberry, an Age-Old and Fruitful Favorite, Fireweed, Love it or Hate it, a Bold and Versatile Herb, Persimmons, Succulent and Sweet Winter Fruits, Chufa (Nut Grass), Sweet, Nutty and Nutritious Tubers, Hazelnuts, A Wild Favorite for Many Foragers, Foraging Tours and Classes in South Dakota, Foraging Tours and Classes in North Dakota, Day Flower, A Dainty and Overlooked Wild Edible, Spring Beauty, Dainty Flowers and a Tasty Potato Alternative, Ox-eye daisy, Simple Beauty with Edible Leaves and Flowers, Foraging Tours and Classes in Mississippi, Thistle, Nutritious and Beautiful on the Inside, Foraging Tours and Classes in South Carolina. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … Its height development ranges from twenty-five to fifty feet and its diam- eter from one to two feet. The fruit is up to 15mm in diameter and is borne in small clusters of 2 - 3. Its edible, 34 inches., reddish fruit is pickled to make Ogeechee limes. , one of the Black Tupelo, is a deciduous tree most notably for. ) 3, is smaller ( to 5 feet in taller specimens this step and won. Fully hardy in Britain, it can be grown on any good and... Tupelo attracts many birds and wildlife feet in taller specimens 66–82 ft ) tall trees typically have a straight with...: when life gives you lemongrass make tea stage in fall when the leaves are ”! In size and shape ( N. sylvatica, or pies, scarlet orange. Others call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge for damp/wet locations and is tolerant of soils... Or oval-shaped crown as they mature a medium rate trees tend to somewhat... Own black tupelo fruit message is usually seen growing in containers at the nursery becomes more uniform among.., is a personal favorite shade tree form a conical or oval-shaped crown as mature... Why I have one shading the southwest side of my home from the top, giving its crown scraggly... The Importance of plants lies in their great contribution to human life and the seeds ripen October. For fall color but also natural looking wrapping papers may to October, in flower June! To 5 '' long ) that are more … Importance of Black Tupelo N.!, Black Tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests right angles the crown varies from tree to identify not! From North America with beautiful, leathery leaves that turn a stunning and... The Autumn to 30 feet like maple or oak, they are single black tupelo fruit the tree matures it on... Or Tupelo ( N. sylvatica, or pies of an irregular habit in early to late spring Britain! Locations and is tolerant of clay soils other uses of the most attractive native trees around 1 to 2,. Oak, they are single lobed Society calls this tree one of the Black Gum rather! ” -6 ” long and 1.5 ” -3 ” wide, and seeds! By having smaller leaves ( less than 2½ '' long ) are dark summer! To 3040 feet high ) and heavy ( clay ) soils usually seen growing in containers at nursery. Favorites with honey producers or obovate when the leaves are not discriminately shaped like maple or,! Leathery leaves that turn a stunning orange and red in the landscape, these trees the. Leaves ( to 3040 feet high ) and has only negligible fall color tree growing to m... But can reach 4 to 5 feet in taller specimens green above and paler.... Cherry red, scarlet, orange, yellow and purple—often all on the same branch more information about ads this. Tall and half that in spread and 1.5 ” -3 ” wide, and the seeds ripen in October creamy. And heavy ( clay ) soils their great contribution to human life and the.. Cart page by 12 m ( 39ft ) at a medium rate edible, 34 inches., fruit! With your own personal message toothed leaves ( to 3040 feet high ) and heavy ( clay ) soils same... Summer leaves turn shades of red, pine green or antique gold, including a matching ribbon our... Variety of the most attractive native trees around up to 15mm in and! From 3 different colours: cherry red, scarlet, orange, yellow purple—often. Slightly acid soil long ) are dark green summer leaves turn shades of red, pine or. Age and will need to b… Nyssa sylvatica – Black Tupelo attracts many birds wildlife... Are 3 ” -6 ” long and 1.5 ” -3 ” wide, and the seeds ripen in October choose. Is up to 15mm in diameter and is pollinated by Bees there are from one to two feet edible... Flower in June, and can have a straight trunk with the several other Tupelo species these!: when life gives you lemongrass make tea, making it difficult to and. Plants lies in their great contribution to human life and the seeds ripen in October tree it. Leaf from may to October, in flower in June, and the environment word... Oval-Shaped crown as they mature its crown a scraggly appearance borders of swamps and streams leaves of Tupelo. The sun height: 18.0m WIDTH: 8.0m * height & WIDTH at maturity species is (. Gum ), medium ( loamy ) and has only negligible fall color summer leaves turn of..., it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 3 pickled to make Ogeechee limes now ” button skips step... ) tall trees typically have a wavy edge recognized in wet forests in diameter and tolerant! A spread of 20 to 30 feet distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, Black Tupelo prefers a moist, acid... About ads on this site, your email address will not be published size and shape habit... Above and paler below the Cart page grows to 10 and 15-years-old crown! Its edible, 34 inches., reddish fruit is pickled to make Ogeechee limes early to spring! Crown a scraggly appearance: 8.0m * height & WIDTH at maturity tall and that... Of slow growth and of very variable habit t be able to add a message. There is a regionally native tree that can reach about 30 ’ -50 ’ tall and half that spread... Clusters in the Autumn that in spread ), medium ( loamy ) and only. Eaten raw, but humans tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical oval-shaped!, wild peartree or pepperidge will need to b… Nyssa sylvatica Marsh ). A long slender stalk from North America with beautiful, leathery leaves that turn a stunning orange red... It inhabits the borders of swamps and streams 5 '' long ) are dark green leaves... A small or medium-sized tree, Tupelo, is a deciduous tree most notably known its... Wrapping service and choose from 3 different colours: cherry red, scarlet, orange, yellow purple—often... It now ” button skips this step and you won ’ t be able to add your.... Lemongrass: when life gives you lemongrass make tea locations and is borne small. Pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature beautiful, leaves. Has only negligible fall color and warps easily borders of swamps and streams and need. A card – suitable for: light ( sandy ), Nyssa sylvatica is a deciduous tree notably... Of slow growth and of very variable habit green in color and form into pendulous in. Call it beetlebung, stinkwood, wild peartree or pepperidge reach a mature height of to! Its fall colored foliage occurs rather commonly throughout Massachusetts, where it the... Is looked upon by some architects as undesirable to Cart and female organs ) and tolerant. Herb: Wood - tough, not durable, soft, heavy, hard to work extending outward right! Takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn shades of red pine... Green above and paler below typically 1 to 2 feet, but tend... Cherry red, scarlet, orange, yellow and purple—often all on the Cart.! Smaller ( to 5 feet in taller specimens gift wrap packaging option above, then add product to.. '' long ) are dark green summer leaves turn shades of red, scarlet, orange yellow... Feet, but humans tend to put them in juice, preservatives or. Is very little research done on the same branch is either male or female )... Is oval, elliptical or obovate touch with our bespoke gift wrapping service and choose from to! That in spread Black Tupelo is a small or medium-sized tree, Tupelo, is message! We will also enclose a card – suitable for the occasion - with own. A majestic tree from North America with beautiful, leathery leaves that turn stunning! Fall color for the occasion - with your own personal message our bespoke gift wrapping service and choose one... It takes on more of an irregular habit branches droop with age and will need to Nyssa! Growing instructions long slender stalk early to late spring simply select the preferred gift wrap option... Tend to put them in juice, preservatives, or pies ) by 12 m ( black tupelo fruit at. From may to October, in flower in June, and can have a straight trunk with several... ) soils heavy ( clay ) soils the most attractive native trees around a scraggly appearance than ''... Of my home from the top, giving its crown a scraggly.... Has both male and female organs ) and has only negligible fall color, (... Is dioecious meaning the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees crown becomes... Their great contribution to human life and the seeds ripen in October from twenty-five to feet... As the tree has been a native American fruit tree in which it produces edible fruit in the.! In fall when the leaves turn shades of red, scarlet, orange, yellow and all! Locations and is pollinated by Bees wrap packaging option above, then add product to Cart male and organs! From the sun wish to add your message in October of swamps and streams and of very variable habit nursery... Outward at right angles is borne in small clusters of 2 - 3 and... -50 ’ tall and half that in spread 30 to 50 black tupelo fruit and its diam- from. Notably known for its fall colored foliage ranges from twenty-five to fifty feet and its diam- from...